The Quick Discrimination of Nylon
Nylon, the synthetic polymer and aliphatic polyamide, is one of the most widely used industrial polymers. Nylon is widely diffused due to its high rigidity and elasticity. Nylon-6,10 and nylon-6,12 reflect similar tendencies in FT-IR spectrum. In addition, the melting temperatures of both polymers measured by DSC are approximately 220ºC. This makes it difficult to discriminate between the two analogs.
Nylon-6,10 and nylon-6,12 (e.g. toothbrush).
The analyzing tool was the ionRocket heating system connected to the DART®-MS (Direct Analysis in Real Time – Mass Spectrometry). Small quantities of the samples were put on the POT and analyzed. The temperature was increased by 100ºC per minute, from 30ºC to 600ºC.
TIC is shown in Fig 1. MS spectra measured at 300ºC is shown in Fig 2.
In Fig 2, the monomers and dimers were mainly observed.
The comparisons of ionRocket-DART®-MS spectra made it possible to distinguish between nylon-6,12 and nylon-6,10.
Material Development / Chemical Industry / Foreign Material Analysis